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Knowing The Anatomy Of A Cat

It is always better to understand the anatomy of a cat if you plan to buy one. Cats are mammals, just like humans. They give birth to young ones, and the female cat feeds milk to the young ones. The parent cats take care of the young ones until they can manage life on their own. Cats are carnivores that hunt small prey like mice and birds.

The most important part in the anatomy of a cat is the skeleton that offers the internal support that a cat needs and protection to its internal organs. The skull of a cat protects its brain and sensory organs such as nose, mouse and eyes. A cat's pelvis protects its lower abdominal organs while the vertebrae protect the nerves that support the spinal cord. Ribs protect the heart and lungs. The muscles in the hind limbs allow a cat to chase its prey and jump high easily. Although a cat can taste sour and bitter food items, it cannot taste sweets. A cat also has an external membrane in its eye for extra protection. This membrane is normally invisible, but it becomes visible if there is any infection or ill health of the eyes.

The Skin

The largest organ in a cat's body is its skin. It protects a cat's body from any physical damage, loss of water and physical infections. The skin is loosely attached in a cat as compared to that of humans in order to facilitate a cat's flexibility. Most cats are furry. This fur keeps their body temperature regulated and prevents damage to the skin. When a cat faces a threat, its skin changes so that the feline looks larger.

Major Physiological Systems Of A Cat

The respiratory system of a cat takes care of warming, filtering and transporting the air to the lungs. The respiratory system takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide out. The cardiovascular system takes care of the transportation of blood in the body. The blood carries nutrients, oxygen, and blood cells. Blood plays a major role in maintaining the body temperature of a cat. The urinary system removes the bodily toxins and maintains water balance in a cat's body. The kidneys remove toxins and any surplus water from the body. A cat uses the smell of the chemicals present in the urine to communicate with its fellow felines. The digestive system is very important in the anatomy of a cat as it breaks the food down and helps in absorbing the nutrients. It also removes waste and non-digestible items from the body.

The Reproductive System

A male cat has two testicles below the anus if it is not castrated. A male cat has a barbed penis that makes the mating process painful for a female. Female cats are receptive to mating once they mature and they invite males regularly. A female cat carries several kittens at a time. More interestingly, it can carry kittens of different fathers at the same time.

The nervous system of a cat carries messages to the brain from the various body organs through the spinal cord and nerves. The brain controls each and every process of the body through the messages that it receives. The endocrine system of a cat consists of glands just like humans such as the pancreas, thyroid gland, testicles and ovaries. These glands secrete hormones to facilitate the various processes of the body. Therefore, knowledge of the anatomy of a cat would help in better maintenance of your cat.

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